When teeth are involved
Once serious complications such as head injuries, jaw or other facial bone fractures have been ruled out, the emergency phase of the treatment needs to be initiated. The aim of treating dental trauma should be to either maintain or regain pulpal vitality in traumatized teeth. This is because dental trauma most frequently occurs in preteens or young teens in whom the teeth have not yet fully developed, and root development will cease without a vital pulp.
The most common dental injuries are fractured teeth and teeth that are pushed within (luxation injury) or out of the tooth socket (avulsion). Depending on where a fracture occurs or how far a tooth is moved, timely treatment should be sought. Injured teeth need to be “splinted” to give them support, so the bone around the tooth can heal properly. Teeth that are completely knocked out of the mouth, are at risk of the outside root cells dying and this can result in resorption (tooth creates cells that destroy tooth structure). In any dental trauma (fracture, luxation or avulsion) immediate treatment from a dentist or endodontist should be sought to reduce the risk of tooth loss.